In July 2020, the Cabinet approved a new National Education Policy (NEP) aimed at increasing education in India after a gap of about 34 years.
What is the National Education Policy
Under the National Education Policy, a policy of education to be held in schools and colleges is formulated. The Government of India has introduced the new National Education Policy 2020. The government has made many major changes in the education policy. To make India a global knowledge superpower through the new National Education Policy. The Ministry of Human Resource Management will now be known as the Ministry of Education.
Under the National Education Policy, education will be universalized from preschool to secondary school with 100% GER in school education by 2030 (Medical and law studies not included) Earlier the pattern of 10 + 2 was followed but now new education The pattern of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 will be followed under the policy. It was included in the manifesto of the Bharatiya Janata Party in the 2014 General Election of National Education Policy.
The objective of the National Education Policy
The main objective of the National Education Policy 2021 is to bring education provided in India to the global level. So that India can become a global knowledge superpower. Education will be universalized through the National Education Policy. The National Education Policy 2021 has made several amendments to the old education policy through the government. So that the quality of education will improve and children will get a good education.
Online Assessment and Examinations:
Appropriate bodies, such as the proposed National Assessment Center
Or the determination of ‘assay’, school board, NTA, and other identified body assessment frameworks And implementation, including competencies, portfolios, crush bricks, standardized evaluation, and Evaluation will include analytical design. Focusing on 21st-century skills
New methods of assessment using education technologies will be studied.
Launched in 2015, Skill India is a policy through which the central government aims to provide vocational education to millions of Indian youth to prepare them for the domestic and international job market.
The government has already signed agreements with education providers in the United Kingdom, Japan, and France for the campaign.
E-learning course through MEITE
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has launched a portal that allows Indians to learn various courses for free or at a low cost.
These are formal, informal, digital education, and other professional courses offered by the Information and Information Department of the Ministry. These courses are available from various centers. All of these courses come with relevant certifications.
The above 12 principles are the backbone of every education policy in India. The Central and State Governments apply them in educational institutions across the country and in compliance with the Indian Constitution and its various articles.
The steps of the National Education Policy
are as follows: –
- Foundation Stage: – Children from 3-8 years are included in the Foundation Stage, this stage includes 3 years of their own schooling and 2 years of pre-schooling which includes classes 1 and 2. At the foundation stage, students will be taught and focused on the development of language skills and teaching.
- Preparatory Stage: – The preparatory stage covers children from 8 to 11 years, the preparatory stage will include children from class 3 to class five and this stage will develop the language and numerical skills of the teachers. Will be the aim of Till the preparatory stage, children will be taught in the regional language.
- Middle Stage: – Middle stage will include children from class 6 to class 8, under the middle stage children of class 6 will be taught coding as well as they will be provided vocational training and internship.
- Secondary Stage: – Secondary stage includes children from class 9 to class 12, under the secondary stage, like children who used to take science, commerce, and arts earlier, this facility has been scrapped, under the secondary stage. Under it, children will be able to take the subject of their choice and will be able to pursue further studies.
Understand by example: If the child wants to study commerce with science or arts with commerce, then it will also be allowed.
This policy is committed to a significant increase in the education of the youth as the youth for the future of society There is no better way than higher-quality education. Being frugal in education in India. Public spending never reaches 6% of the gross domestic product
Found that renunciation was suspected in the 1968 education policy and that the 1986 education policy and The 1992 Night were repeated in the review. Currently, public spending on education (Central and State Governments By) is around 4.43% of GDP (the budgetary allocation as per the 2017-18 analysis), and Education accounts for 10% of government expenditure (Economic Survey 2017-18), this figure Ashdukandi is much less than the educated and autocratic countries.
In this policy, attempts have been made to deal with the issue of professionalism of education on many fronts, This also includes the ‘saris Shakuntu kor’ regulation approach,
Self-disclosure with full transparency in courses and programs; Adequate ninth in public education.
Government and Shinji emphasize good governance and mechanism in all institutions. Likewise, the needy Or the opportunities for higher cost recovery without affecting the eligible classes will also be known.
The aim of the disciplines is to have a minutes trial such as basic areas/core areas, and multi-disciplinary areas. Ph.D. and postgraduate programs in Buddhist + X ”and vocational fields (eg Health, Agriculture, Education) Have to be provided. With the help of forums like these, developing official courses in these areas
Taxes can spread them.
In order to adapt faster, higher education institutions initially Empower online courses in undergraduate and professional courses in traditional education Can. Higher education institutes with less expertise to support the cultivation Also trained trainees in areas of demand, such as data annotation, image classics, and speech translation.
Efforts to teach language to school scholars for the official languages of India The language will be combined with efforts to promote language processing.
As changing technologies are emerging
school and ashram education are at their utmost. This will help in raising awareness of the general public about the effects of the drug and also with it It will also address related issues.
A well-informed public on issues related to these technologies This awareness is necessary to create harmony. Chayan Nashtak for study at the mortuary level and Discussion on highly effective technologies identified by NETF / MHRD in current issues Will also be included. Appropriate semantic and postcolonial materials were also prepared for continuing education Will to go.