How to Become a Judge in India, Civil judges & District judges

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How to Become a Judge in India
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The first step in becoming a judge is to take a Bachelor in Law, LLB degree course. Now it could be a 5-year degree course or a 3-year degree course. Once a law candidate has completed his LLB, then it is optional to complete a postgraduate or LLM in law. There are three main divisions of judges in India –

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  1. Supreme Court Judges
  2. High Court Judges,
  3. District Judges.

The last division includes the majority of sub-classes of judges, such as district court judges, civil court judges, additional district judges, joint district judges, and so on.

Judicial Service Examination


Judicial Service Examination is an entry-level examination for law graduates to become judges in the prestigious department of the judiciary. It is personally organized by the 24 States of India to appoint their Judicial Officers under the supervision of the Hon’ble High Court and the State Government.

For judges of Indian Judicial Inspectors, it is necessary to appear for the Judicial Service Examination or PCS (J) -Provident Civil Service Judicial Examination.

The PCS-J exam is a test for law graduates and members of the subordinate judiciary.
New graduates from law school can only become subject court judges through this examination. To pass this test. There were two types of judicial service examinations –

  • Lower Judicial Services (LJS)
  • High Judicial Services (HJS)

Both these exams follow three steps similar to recruitment, are –

Preliminary Examination – Candidates are asked MCQ format questions that are objective in nature. The minimum pass mark is 60% for general categories and 55% for reserved categories.

Main Exam – Candidates took a written test with subjective type questions and answers. Candidates who get 40% in each subject paper and 50% overall are called for the next interview round.

Longevity Voice – Eligible candidates appear for the interview with the recruitment panel. The Candidates’ Logical, Legal Reasoning; Basic Knowledge; Current Affairs awareness; and Presence of mind is tested.

Lower Judicial Services (LJS)

The LJS examination is conducted for the appointment of Civil judges in various state courts. These examinations are conducted by the concerned State Public Service Commission or High Court.

Eligibility Candidates should have graduated with a 5-year Integrated LLB Degree or 3 years LLB Degree Course. While a bachelor’s degree in law is common to all states, many states also have key criteria based on fluency in the regional language where you want to practice law.

Age Limit – Candidates appearing for the Lower Judicial Service Examination should be at least 21 years of age. The upper age limit is usually set at 35 years of age. Candidates in OBC / SC / ST / PWD categories are given exemption as per the norms laid down by the government. Law candidates should note that this age limit varies from state to state.

Curriculum – The syllabus for the examination can be found on the websites of the commissions where the examination is being conducted. Law topics like Indian Penal Code (IPC), Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Code of Criminal Procedure (CRPC), Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), Property Law, etc. With the local laws of the area. English, general knowledge and current affairs, and the local language of the state is also tested.

High Judicial Services (HJS)

The HJS examination is usually conducted for District judges for the promotion of civil judges or for advocates appointed as district judges. Advocates are lawyers who are nominated to the State Bar Council after passing the All India Bar Examination.

Eligibility – Candidates should be a lawyer and have practiced in the court of law for at least 7 consecutive years, if not more. The criteria, again, vary from state to state.

Age limit – The general limit is 35 years to 45 years. The minimum age and the upper age limit vary from state to state.

Curriculum – The syllabus for the Higher Judicial Service Examination is similar to the LJS examination described above. However, one of the advantages of appearing for HJS is that if the applicant is selected he is posted as an additional district judge which increases and accelerates the chances of promotion to be a judge.

There are three ways to become a district judge, and two of them involve passing the HJS exam. These methods are explained below

Regular Promotion – Civil Judges are promoted as District Judges on the recommendation and attainment of a certain standard during the practice of their law. Such promotions usually have a 65% quota.

Accelerated Promotion – Civil Judges who wish to be promoted as District Judges may apply for the HJS Examination after completing the minimum years of service. Through this system, 10% of District Judges can be hired.

Direct Recruitment – Here candidates appear for all three stages of the HJS exam and are selected when they have cleared their interview / Viva voice round. Such promotions usually have a 35% quota.

Necessary suitability

He needed some things to gain the strength and status to beat Gavel. Educational qualifications and experience are not enough to make a judgment. In jurisprudence, the case was included and because of the complications, the role of the judge was crucial. The selection of individuals for the judgeship has been administered by experts in the field who evaluate their profiles by various criteria.

An ideal judge should work for the growth and development of the nation. He must have an excellent sense of humor and be able to work hard under pressure. They must have excellent public speaking, logical reasoning, quick decision-making, and debating skills to analyze in-depth matters and provide appropriate judgment. They should have personal skills like – honesty, commitment, confidence, etc.

In addition to fulfilling the criteria for the position, the expectation pass has the following requirements:

  • Critical Reasoning Skills
  • Objective analysis
  • Skillful eating skills
  • Passive decision making
  • Understand and read
  • Empathy
  • Writing skills

What comes after the district judge? How to Become a Supreme Court Judge (India)

Once you have attained the rank of District Judge, the next step usually involves becoming a Judge of the High Court and then a Judge of the Supreme Court. The eligibility criteria for these two promotions are given below –

High Court Judge

The candidate must be a citizen of India and hold a judicial office for 10 years or more or be a lawyer of the High Court (or High Court in succession) for at least 10 years.

Supreme Court Judge

The candidate must be a citizen of India. Candidates must be a judge of the High Court (or High Court in succession) for a minimum of 5 years or a lawyer of the High Court (or High Court in succession) for at least 10 years experience.

Candidates can also be appointed as judges of the Supreme Court if they are eminent jurists in the opinion of the President of India.

The judges of the Supreme Court are followed by the Chief Justices of India, who, along with the judges of the Supreme Court, are appointed on the recommendation of the President of India.

What does a judge do? Powers and Responsibilities

He must also go as a ‘guardian of the constitution a judge must judge him. The powers and responsibilities of a judge differ in different courts. In each case, they have seized it, despite obstacles we can scarcely imagine. ”

One judge is the plaintiff and the person is responsible for the lucky decision. A lot of times some role is chosen in the court of trial fights, a lot of work is done, sought, events are discussed.

The basic responsibilities of judges include:
  • Observing the lawsuits and listening to the answers of the plaintiffs and the defendants, witnesses, etc.
  • A judge/defendant quarrels with them.
  • Judges also have the power to testify.
  • Way also instructs the jury and determines whether the defendant is a guru or innocent.
  • A judge is sentencing or punishing the guilty Tables. It also determines when the last sentence will be.
  • The decision is final by the Chief Justice.
  • Examining all these decisions is based on a deep and careful understanding.

The Non-Judicial service examination system for making judges in India

Now we have a way of gaining the position of a judge in India: Pass an entrance exam, what if you can’t take the exam? Don’t worry, your judge chair can still be achieved. If you are a committed advocate with more than 10 years of experience in high-level judging, then your pass system still has a chance to capture the state of your dreams. The College of Judges has been recommended.

To qualify for the position of Judge, you must have a law degree in LLB or LLM from a government or university approved by the Bar Council. It is important to be the first lawyer from Judge Forest.

Thank You,

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